Zika has caused a great threat to the world

Zika is a global health challenge. Since its outbreak in Brazil last May, the virus has spread to more than 30 countries and territories and ignited global discourse about family planning, vaccine development, reproductive rights, contraceptive security, and even gender norms.

These are very important areas of focus, but they also require significant investments of time, funding, and/or human resources to affect change. As the global community considers responses to Zika, let’s not lose sight of another critical and more immediately addressed area of response: meeting knowledge needs through effective, strategic communication.

Global health and development work depends on a multitude of actors working together across geographic, organizational, and financial boundaries. Knowledge management, or the strategic and systematic creation, synthesis, and distribution of critical knowledge, can improve coordination among these actors, enhance learning and knowledge application of best practices, and improve the capacity to take decisive action, all of which can, in turn, improve health and development outcomes.

Indeed, providing health professionals with access to relevant and timely health information is potentially the single most cost-effective and feasible strategy for health care and health system improvement in lower- and middle-income countries.

Responding to Outbreaks
Disease outbreaks occur in a dynamic information environment. The very nature of an outbreak compels speed over completeness. Available knowledge is rapidly distributed and updated, sometimes in that order.

Motivating the public to adopt recommended behaviors is challenging and effectiveness is reliant on the quality and consistency of outbreak communications. For instance, the level of uncertainty around specific outbreaks influences whether or not individuals undertake precautionary behaviors, and the public is less likely to follow recommended behaviors in contexts of high uncertainty.

Several aspects of the Zika situation make it tremendously challenging in terms of meeting the knowledge needs of affected individuals.

Stress and worry can inhibit the ability of individuals to process new information, and Zika’s diffuse geographic distribution, the inevitability of further spread, and lack of available treatment options contribute to heightened anxiety among a group of individuals already experiencing higher levels of stress: expectant parents.

Finally, depending on where they live, their socioeconomic level, and their ability to gain access to critical information, these individuals may or may not be plugged into a support system of health care providers who can help translate uncertain or conflicting messages.

When patients with liver disease for sports?


Convalescent or chronic hepatitis, acute hepatitis stable, according to work and rest, the movement phase Q principles bed movement, as do Guangbo Cao, playing too tent boxing, walking, etc.

   People with chronic hepatitis or hepatitis after syndrome, when liver function is normal or near normal (and observed over a period of more stable when asked), the Department is not significant when symptoms, it can ruin refining sports. To improve the general health, promote healing acne disease, improve tolerance to daily activities.

Patients with liver disease when it is not suitable for sports?

   Acute hepatitis and understand hepatitis exacerbation of suffering Dan to get more rest, such as Jing love lightweight, good mental state, subject to stretch your legs in bed, but also practice static power.

   If patients with chronic hepatitis fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, liver pain, serum transaminases higher apparent, meaning disease in the active stage, it is best not to exercise.

What are some principles of physical therapy rehabilitation exercises is?

  Activities should patients do not feel fatigue as the limit. If the condition improved with the gradual increase in activity, a movement to combine, step by step. “Appropriate ruined refining, such as a walk, playing tai chi, Qigong. Be in stable condition with normal liver function a couple of months later, the patient is resume work. But do not proud of strenuous exercise, people engaged in mental work, and do not overwork, while ensuring adequate sleep time.